An Examination of Trade in Environmentally Preferable Goods and Services in the NAFTA Region E-mail
Thursday, April 30, 2009

The Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) conducts policy and research work on environmentally preferable goods and services (EPGS) in eleven different activities. One specific activity is to “Identify changes/trends in trade in green goods and services in the NAFTA region.” Lacking any definitive quantification of trade in EPGS, and also lacking any established or consistently used industry codes that result in ongoing government statistics on environmental trade, in 2003 CEC commissioned a study to provide a definition and quantification of trade in EPGS in the NAFTA region. CEC selected Environmental Business International Inc. (EBI), a market research firm dedicated to the environmental industry since 1988, to conduct this research and present a quantification of environmental trade in the NAFTA region.

CEC04.doc

An Examination of Trade in Environmentally Preferable Goods and Services in the NAFTA Region

Spring 2004

Commissioned by and conducted on behalf of:

Chantal Line Carpentier, Ph.D.

Head, Environment, Economy, and Trade Program

Commission for Environmental Cooperation

Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Researched and written by:

Grant Ferrier

President, Environmental Business International, Inc.

San Diego, California, USA


Introduction

The Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) conducts policy and research work on environmentally preferable goods and services (EPGS) in eleven different activities. One specific activity is to “Identify changes/trends in trade in green goods and services in the NAFTA region.”

Lacking any definitive quantification of trade in EPGS, and also lacking any established or consistently used industry codes that result in ongoing government statistics on environmental trade, in 2003 CEC commissioned a study to provide a definition and quantification of trade in EPGS in the NAFTA region.

CEC selected Environmental Business International Inc. (EBI), a market research firm dedicated to the environmental industry since 1988, to conduct this research and present a quantification of environmental trade in the NAFTA region.

Industry Definition

To quantify trade in environmental good and services, a consensus on industry definition must first be established. An objective of the definition was consistency and comparability with historical statistics on the environmental industry, with definitions used for international environmental trade and policy discussions with WTO, OECD, UNCTAD and other international bodies. In addition the definition was desired to be consistent with how the industry views itself and to maximize the level of accuracy to be obtained in such an ambitious research task as quantifying environmental trade in absence of consistent codes used in other more established industry sectors.

Discussions were held to determine the parameters of environmental industry definition with EBI and CEC encompassing the existing research and multiple contacts each party has had in its respective history in environmentally preferable goods and services.

As a result of these discussions, the following definition was used (Note: More detail on these segments and examples of clients is presented in the appendix of this report):

SERVICES

Analytical Services

Wastewater Treatment Works

Solid Waste Management

Hazardous Waste Management

Remediation/Industrial Services

Consulting & Engineering

EQUIPMENT

Water Equipment and Chemicals

Instruments & Information Systems

Air Pollution Control Equipment

Waste Management Equipment

Process & Prevention Technology

RESOURCES

Water Utilities

Resource Recovery

Clean Energy Systems & Power

CONSUMER GOODS & SERVICES

Sustainable Agriculture

Sustainable Forestry

Eco-tourism

Research Methodology

To obtain industry size, market size and import/export estimates on each NAFTA country, considerable weight was placed on annual surveys of environmental product and service firms conducted by EBI. Secondary research conducted by EBI to assess government business and trade statistics in the United States, Canada and Mexico in addition to research conducted by private companies, investors and academic and non-profit institutions were also used to build quantification and export/import models in each segment of the environmental industry. A partial list of documents referenced is available at the end of this report. Of particular note is research performed by Statistics Canada in surveying Canadian environmental product and service firms, research on such a scale that is not performed by the governments of the other two NAFTA nations.

To obtain industry segment sizes, the basic methodology is to create an ‘industry segment universe’ table that classifies all industry segment participants into one of several revenue size categories (e.g. $10-20 million in annual revenues) for that segment. An accurate database of companies in that segment built from industry directories, association memberships, professional certification societies and other sources is first required. Surveys of these companies are then conducted by telephone, fax, email and on the internet to obtain year-by-year revenue information, in addition to export sales, regional distribution of exports (both of which have pertinence to this project) and a number of other statistics such as product sales breakdowns, customer type breakdowns, growth forecasts, etc. Survey data is then compiled into a database or spreadsheet and then data is extrapolated for the ‘missing’ companies from the response set in statistically acceptable methods for each size category.

This ‘sell-side’ research has been the basis of EBI’s annual quantification of the U.S. and global environmental industries since the early 1990s. Sell-side models are continually reconciled by spending statistics (or the results of ‘buy-side’ research) and adjusted with the addition of new data sources on an annual basis.

The addition of three ‘Consumer Goods’ segments to the analysis for this report provided an additional challenge for EBI as these areas have not been carefully researched by EBI on an annual basis. In each of these segments secondary research was sought, but in only the sustainable agriculture segment where considerable statistics on organic foods are becoming available was anything available with some statistical merit. In each of the other two segments, efforts were made to identify companies selling sustainable forestry products or eco-tourism services and to build sell-side models with existing data.

Data Highlights

Environmental market sizes

· The global environmental market was $548 billion in 2001.

· The US environmental market was $212 billion in 2001.

· The Canadian environmental market was $16.1 billion in 2001.

· The Mexican environmental market was $3.8 billion in 2001.

· The NAFTA-region environmental market was $232 billion in 2001 or 41% of the global total.

Intra-NAFTA Environmental Trade Statistics

· Total Environmental Trade within the NAFTA region totaled $4.1 billion in 2001.

· Canada-Mexico Environmental Trade totaled $32 million in 2001, $18.9 million in Canadian exports to Mexico and $12.8 million in Mexican exports to Canada

· Canada-US Environmental Trade totaled $3.0 billion in 2001, $1.2 billion in Canadian exports to the US and $1.8 billion in US exports to Canada

· Mexico-US Environmental Trade totaled $1.0 billion in 2001, $116 million in Mexican exports to the US and $920 million in US exports to Mexico

Inter-NAFTA Environmental Trade Statistics

· Total Environmental exports from the NAFTA region to the rest of the world totaled $17.6 billion in 2001.

· Total Environmental imports in the NAFTA region from the rest of the world totaled $16.7 billion in 2001, resulting in a trade surplus for the NAFTA region of $920 million.

· Equipment segments accounted for two-thirds of environmental trade in the NAFTA region in 2001.

· Within equipment, water equipment & chemicals, air pollution control and waste management equipment were the largest segments in environmental trade

Emerging trends and potential for further trade

· Whereas equipment segments represent the vast majority of environmental trade, the largest growth is occurring in segments related to clean energy and sustainable consumer goods.

· Service and resource segments related to waste and water infrastructure together represent the majority of global markets, but NAFTA nations are not global players in these markets.

The following table summarizes environmental trade trends in each segment:

Segment

Environmental Services (Environmentally Preferable Services)

Environmental Testing & Analytical Services

Increasing ability to ship samples will increase trade, but will remain a small portion as local tests and capacity is desired. On-site testing also increasing.

Wastewater Treatment Works

French and British water conglomerates have taken the lead leveraging private ownership in home nations. Any export expertise in NAFTA countries lies in the C&E and WE&C segments and not in insular municipal operators.

Solid Waste Management

Top NAFTA private waste firms (Waste Mgmt, Allied/BFI) have divested virtually all international waste assets. Not much cross border flow of waste.

Hazardous Waste Management

Not much cross-border flow of hazardous waste besides near some maquiladora facilities. Basel convention restricts broader movement. NAFTA haz waste firms not active in overseas business ownership.

Remediation/Industrial Services

U.S. expertise is in demand for complicated cleanups in Jaoan and South America and to a lesser extent Europe. Increasing amount of remediation is tied to property redevelopment so local partnerships are crucial. Industrial services are largely tied to oil & gas business.

Environmental Consulting & Engineering (C&E)

Opportunities exist for experienced solution-providers, but clients prefer local talent. Most C&E firms partner with locals or train and hire native engineers. Communication technology has greatly enhanced global transfer of expertise without travel.

Environmental Equipment (Environmentally Preferable Goods)

Water Equipment & Chemicals

Water scarcity, increased pollution and increased costs provide consistent growth prospects for water systems vendors.

Instruments & Information Systems

Desire for monitoring and measuring technology in transition economies provides growth.

Air Pollution Control Equipment

In stationary sources, historical reliance on the power sector is waning as sources of VOCs, NOx and other pollutants are regulated around the world. Vehicular emissions systems grow as automobiles penetrate transition economies, but long-term lesser emitting vehicles will not require APC devices.

Waste Management Equipment

Supplies for garbage infrastructure have fairly consistent demand, but follow economic cycles for private and municipal customers and are sensitive to commodity prices in recycled materials.

Process & Prevention Technology

Innovative process technology tends to remain inside developers that are not usually commercial vendors or exporters.

Environmental Resources

Water Utilities

French and British water conglomerates have taken the lead leveraging private ownership in home nations. Any export expertise in NAFTA countries lies in the C&E and WE&C segments and not in insular municipal operators.

Resource Recovery

Secondary materials markets are tied to prices of primary or virgin materials. Shipping costs are also a factor. Many nations could suffice with exported secondary waste for the U.S. but costs of collection, separation and shipping make it uneconomical.

Clean Energy Power & Systems

Growth is strong and interest high in solar energy for off-the-grid applications and wind systems and power for grid contribution. Developing alternatives from ethanol or other cleaner fuels all the way to fuel cells and zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) have very strong potential for growth.

Environmental Consumer Goods (Environmentally Preferable Products or EPPs)

Sustainable Agriculture Products

U.S. organic food standards and certification processes of 2002 is sustaining 20% growth in organic foods and their supply by farms. International agreement on the horizon.

Sustainable Forestry Products

Standardization and certification is expected to occur within five years resulting in booming demand for sustainable timber and finished goods.

Eco-Tourism

Many nations have proposed or existing standards, but little international consistency exists. Many eco-tourism facilities now exist, but not many of them would qualify for the proposed high standards. Demand is strong for eco-tourism, however, with as much as 10-20% of travelers motivated to consider this option.

Environmental Trade Data Tables

(All figures in $U.S. mil)

a) Canada-Mexico Environmental Trade ($U.S. Mil)

Canada Exports to Mexico

(or Mexico Imports from Canada)

Mexico Exports to Canada

(or Canada Imports from Mexico)

Equipment

Water Equipment & Chemicals

4.44

0.09

Air Pollution Control

4.47

0.13

Instruments & Info. Systems

0.16

0.00

Waste Mgmt Equipment

4.26

1.62

Process & Prevention Tech.

0.02

0.02

Services

Solid Waste Management

0.59

0.00

Hazardous Waste Mgmt

0.13

0.00

Consulting & Engineering

0.59

0.05

Remediation/Industrial Svcs.

0.90

0.34

Analytical Services

0.19

0.00

Water Treatment Works

0.08

0.00

Resources

Water Utilities

0.07

0.00

Resource Recovery

1.15

0.07

Clean Energy Systems & Power

0.29

0.01

Sustainable Agriculture

1.26

4.45

Sustainable Forestry

0.00

0.70

Eco-Tourism

0.33

5.36

Total

18.93

12.84

Canada-US Environmental Trade ($U.S. Mil)

Canada Exports to USA

(or USA Imports from Canada)

USA Exports to Canada

(or Canada Imports from USA)

Equipment

Water Equipment & Chemicals

314.5

848.9

Air Pollution Control

316.8

169.6

Instruments & Info. Systems

18.1

69.9

Waste Mgmt Equipment

301.9

155.4

Process & Prevention Tech.

2.0

6.3

Services

Solid Waste Management

14.4

71.4

Hazardous Waste Mgmt

3.1

13.3

Consulting & Engineering

60.4

251.9

Remediation/Industrial Svcs.

22.1

15.8

Analytical Services

9.1

2.4

Water Treatment Works

7.8

9.4

Resources

Water Utilities

7.4

8.7

Resource Recovery

11.5

79.7

Clean Energy Systems & Power

29.5

10.3

Sustainable Agriculture

69.3

86.2

Sustainable Forestry

9.6

3.6

Eco-Tourism

16.5

2.9

Total

1213.9

1805.6

Mexico-US Environmental Trade ($U.S. Mil)

Mexico Exports to USA (or USA Imports from Mexico)

USA Exports to Mexico (or Mexico Imports from USA)

Equipment

Water Equipment & Chemicals

1.3

300.5

Air Pollution Control

1.3

98.4

Instruments & Info. Systems

0.0

35.0

Waste Mgmt Equipment

10.5

62.1

Process & Prevention Tech.

0.2

3.2

Services

Solid Waste Management

3.3

40.8

Hazardous Waste Mgmt

0.4

31.8

Consulting & Engineering

0.5

58.7

Remediation/Industrial Svcs.

0.7

23.8

Analytical Services

0.0

3.7

Water Treatment Works

5.4

46.9

Resources

Water Utilities

0.3

26.1

Resource Recovery

0.3

142.2

Clean Energy Systems & Power

1.1

41.1

Sustainable Agriculture

32.1

4.3

Sustainable Forestry

5.6

0.0

Eco-Tourism

53.6

0.1

Total

116.6

918.7

Total Environmental Trade in the NAFTA region (sum of 3 groups bi-lateral groups, exports and imports)

Total Trade Value

Percent of Environmental Trade

Equipment

67%

Water Equipment & Chemicals

1,469.8

Air Pollution Control

590.7

Instruments & Info. Systems

123.2

Waste Mgmt Equipment

535.8

Process & Prevention Tech.

11.7

Services

17%

Solid Waste Management

130.6

Hazardous Waste Mgmt

48.7

Consulting & Engineering

372.1

Remediation/Industrial Svcs.

63.6

Analytical Services

15.4

Water Treatment Works

69.5

Resources

16%

Water Utilities

42.5

Resource Recovery

235.0

Clean Energy Systems & Power

82.2

Sustainable Agriculture

197.6

Sustainable Forestry

19.5

Eco-Tourism

78.8

Total

4,086.6

Environmental Trade between the NAFTA region and Latin America and the Rest of the World

Canada-LatAm and ROW Environmental Trade ($mil US)

Canada Exports to LatAM

Canada Exports to ROW

Equipment

Water Equipment & Chemicals

8.5

49.0

Air Pollution Control

8.6

49.3

Instruments & Info. Systems

0.5

7.6

Waste Mgmt Equipment

8.2

47.0

Process & Prevention Tech.

0.1

0.8

Services

Solid Waste Management

1.2

3.9

Hazardous Waste Mgmt

0.3

0.8

Consulting & Engineering

42.7

80.6

Remediation/Industrial Svcs.

1.8

6.0

Analytical Services

0.2

1.2

Water Treatment Works

5.5

10.4

Resources

Water Utilities

5.2

9.9

Resource Recovery

1.2

101.6

Clean Energy Systems & Power

20.8

39.3

Sustainable Agriculture

2.5

52.9

Sustainable Forestry

0.0

70.4

Eco-Tourism

0.3

15.8

Total

107.5

546.5

Mexico-LatAm and ROW Environmental Trade ($mil US)

Mexico Exports to LatAM

Mexico Exports to ROW

Equipment

Water Equipment & Chemicals

0.2

0.2

Air Pollution Control

1.0

0.1

Instruments & Info. Systems

0.0

0.0

Waste Mgmt Equipment

3.2

0.8

Process & Prevention Tech.

0.0

0.0

Services

Solid Waste Management

0.4

0.0

Hazardous Waste Mgmt

0.0

0.0

Consulting & Engineering

1.7

0.2

Remediation/Industrial Svcs.

5.5

0.3

Analytical Services

0.3

0.1

Water Treatment Works

3.6

0.0

Resources

Water Utilities

4.9

0.0

Resource Recovery

0.4

0.6

Clean Energy Systems & Power

0.3

0.1

Sustainable Agriculture

1.0

11.9

Sustainable Forestry

0.0

0.7

Eco-Tourism

3.2

45.0

Total

25.8

60.0

USA-LatAm and ROW Environmental Trade ($mil US)

USA Exports to LatAM

USA Exports to ROW

Equipment

Water Equipment & Chemicals

292.1

4,901.4

Air Pollution Control

303.9

2,077.0

Instruments & Info. Systems

69.9

1,573.2

Waste Mgmt Equipment

93.2

1,242.9

Process & Prevention Tech.

3.2

50.4

Services

Solid Waste Management

30.6

61.2

Hazardous Waste Mgmt

5.3

2.7

Consulting & Engineering

169.6

1,674.4

Remediation/Industrial Svcs.

27.7

328.8

Analytical Services

5.8

47.0

Water Treatment Works

56.3

75.0

Resources

Water Utilities

26.1

26.1

Resource Recovery

79.7

2,285.0

Clean Energy Systems & Power

61.6

913.8

Sustainable Agriculture

12.9

327.4

Sustainable Forestry

0.0

8.4

Eco-Tourism

0.3

25.5

Total

1,238.2

15,620.1

NAFTA region-LatAm and ROW Environmental Trade ($mil US)

NAFTA Exports to LatAM

NAFTA Exports to ROW

Equipment

Water Equipment & Chemicals

300.8

4,950.6

Air Pollution Control

313.5

2,126.4

Instruments & Info. Systems

70.4

1,580.8

Waste Mgmt Equipment

104.6

1,290.7

Process & Prevention Tech.

3.2

51.3

Services

Solid Waste Management

32.2

65.1

Hazardous Waste Mgmt

5.6

3.5

Consulting & Engineering

213.9

1,755.2

Remediation/Industrial Svcs.

35.0

335.1

Analytical Services

6.4

48.3

Water Treatment Works

65.3

85.4

Resources

Water Utilities

36.2

35.9

Resource Recovery

81.3

2,387.2

Clean Energy Systems & Power

82.7

953.2

Sustainable Agriculture

16.4

392.2

Sustainable Forestry

0.0

79.5

Eco-Tourism

3.8

86.4

Total

1,371.4

16,226.7

d) Total Environmental Trade between the NAFTA region and the Rest of the World (ROW; $mil US)

NAFTA Exports to ROW

NAFTA Imports from ROW

Trade Balance

Total Imports into NAFTA Countries

Imports into NAFTA Countries from other NAFTA countries

Equipment

10,792.4

6,295.1

4,497.3

9,026.2

2,731.1

Water Equipment & Chemicals

5,251.3

2,210.4

3,040.9

3,680.2

1,469.8

Air Pollution Control

2,440.0

2,371.2

68.7

2,961.9

590.7

Instruments & Info. Systems

1,651.2

350.6

1,300.6

473.8

123.2

Waste Mgmt Equipment

1,395.3

1,220.8

174.5

1,756.6

535.8

Process & Prevention Tech.

54.5

142.0

-87.5

153.7

11.7

Services

2,650.9

5,388.3

-2,737.4

6,088.3

700.0

Solid Waste Management

97.3

1,349.0

-1,251.7

1,479.6

130.6

Hazardous Waste Mgmt

9.1

214.9

-205.8

263.6

48.7

Consulting & Engineering

1,969.1

683.5

1,285.6

1,055.7

372.1

Remediation/Industrial Svcs.

370.1

471.0

-100.9

534.6

63.6

Analytical Services

54.6

2.0

52.6

17.4

15.4

Water Treatment Works

150.7

2,667.9

-2,517.2

2,737.4

69.5

Resources

4,154.9

5,019.2

-864.3

5,674.7

655.5

Water Utilities

72.1

2,331.3

-2,259.2

2,373.8

42.5

Resource Recovery

2,468.5

320.0

2,148.5

555.0

235.0

Clean Energy Systems & Power

1,035.9

1,524.2

-488.3

1,606.4

82.2

Sustainable Agriculture

408.6

610.4

-201.8

808.0

197.6

Sustainable Forestry

79.5

41.5

38.0

61.0

19.5

Eco-Tourism

90.2

191.7

-101.5

270.5

78.8

Total

17,598.1

16,702.6

895.5

20,789.2

4,086.6

The Global Environmental Market ($mil US)

By Region

2001

% of Total

USA

211.2

38.5%

Western Europe

160.8

29.3%

Japan

93.3

17.0%

Rest of Asia

25.6

4.7%

Mexico

3.6

0.7%

Rest of Latin America

9.2

1.7%

Canada

15.2

2.8%

Australia/NZ

8.6

1.6%

Central & Eastern Europe

10.2

1.9%

Middle East

7.0

1.3%

Africa

3.6

0.7%

Total

548

100%

The 2001 Global Environmental Market ($mil US)

Global

USA

Canada

Mexico

USA

Canada

Mexico

Equipment

Water Equipment & Chemicals

43.0

17.1

1.72

0.40

39.8%

4.0%

0.9%

Air Pollution Control

34.0

18.2

0.86

0.14

53.5%

2.5%

0.4%

Instruments & Info Systems

6.6

2.4

0.13

0.08

36.5%

1.9%

1.2%

Waste Mgmt Equipment

32.6

9.5

0.88

0.23

29.0%

2.7%

0.7%

Process & Prevention Tech

3.0

1.4

0.06

0.04

46.8%

2.0%

1.2%

Services

Solid Waste Management

120.7

41.9

2.93

0.46

34.7%

2.4%

0.4%

Haz Waste Management

17.8

5.0

0.44

0.08

28.2%

2.5%

0.4%

Consulting & Engineering

31.5

16.6

1.33

0.11

52.9%

4.2%

0.4%

Remediation/Ind'l Services

29.4

11.1

1.05

0.30

37.8%

3.6%

1.0%

Analytical Services

3.8

1.3

0.13

0.03

32.8%

3.3%

0.8%

Water Treatment Works

78.6

31.6

2.37

0.65

40.2%

3.0%

0.8%

Resources

Water Utilities

87.0

33.7

2.25

0.76

38.7%

2.6%

0.9%

Resource Recovery

35.7

10.5

0.75

0.22

29.5%

2.1%

0.6%

Clean Energy Systems & Power

23.9

10.8

0.33

0.11

45.4%

1.4%

0.5%

Total

548

211.2

15.2

3.6

38.6%

2.8%

0.7%

*Does not include consumer goods segments

Key References

Comisión Mexicana de Infraestructura Ambienal (COMIA), Informe para la Séptima Reunión Plenaria, 2002, publicada www.semarnat.gob.mx.

Comisión Nacional del Agua (CNA), Situación del subsector agua potable, alcantarillado y saneamiento a diciembre de 2001, México, s/f.

Data & Statistics. World Bank.

Ecotourism: Setting Standards; Environment, July August 2003

Environmental Business International Inc., various documents, research reports, survey databases and editions of Environmental Business Journal.

Institute for Sustainable Forestry, <www.isf-sw.org>

Instituto Nacional de Ecología (INE), Áreas de Oportunidad en el Sector Ambiental de la Economía, México, 1997.

The International Ecotourism Society,

Market Research Library. U.S. Commercial Service, U.S. Department of Commerce.

 

Penton Media Inc, Nutrition Business Journal, NBJ’s Organic Foods Report 2003

Procuraduría Federal de Protección al Ambiente (PROFEPA), Informe Anual 2002, México

Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (SEMARNAT), Programa Nacional de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales 2001-2006, México, 2001.

Statistics Canada, Environment Accounts and Statistics Division. International Trade in Environmental Goods and Services: A Canada-U.S. Comparison. Ottawa: Minister of Industry, 2000.

Statistics Canada, Environment Accounts and Statistics Division. Environment Industry Survey: Business Sector, 2000. Ottawa: Minister of Industry, 2002.

Sustainable Forestry Initiative,

Trade Statistics for Environmental Products. International Trade Agency, U.S. Department of Commerce.

U.S. International Trade Statistics: Value of Exports, General Imports, and Imports by Country by 3-digit Commodity Groupings, Mexico (2010). U.S. Census Bureau.

U.S. Agency for International Development, Environmental Focus Series: The Mexican Market, U.S.A., 1995.

U.S. Department of Commerce. International Trade Administration, Mexico Environmental Technologies. Export Market Plan, Washington 1997.

Environmental Industry Segments

Segment

Description

Examples of Clients

Environmental Services (Environmentally Preferable Services)

Environmental Testing & Analytical Services

Provide testing of “environmental samples” (soil, water, air and some biological tissues)

Regulated industries, Gov’t, C&E, Hazardous waste and remediation contractors

Wastewater Treatment Works

Collection and treatment of residential, commercial and industrial wastewaters. Facilities are commonly know as POTWs or publicly owned treatment works.

Municipalities, Commercial Establishments & All industries

Solid Waste Management

Collection, processing and disposal of solid waste

Municipalities & All industries

Hazardous Waste Management

Collection, processing and disposal of hazardous, medical waste, nuclear waste

Chemical, Petroleum, Mfgrs

Government agencies

Remediation/Industrial Services

Cleanup of contaminated sites, buildings and environmental cleaning of operating facilities

Government agencies

Property owners

Industry

Environmental Consulting & Engineering (C&E)

Engineering, consulting, design, assessment, permitting, project management, O&M, monitoring, etc.

Industry, Government

Municipalities, Waste Mgmt. companies, POTWs

Environmental Equipment (Environmentally Preferable Goods)

Water Equipment & Chemicals

Provide equipment, supplies and maintenance in the delivery and treatment of water and wastewater.

Municipalities & All industries

Instruments & Information Systems

Produce instrumentation for the analysis of environmental samples. Includes info systems and software.

Analytical services, Gov’t

Regulated companies

Air Pollution Control Equipment

Produce equipment and tech. to control air pollution. Includes vehicle controls.

Utilities, Waste-to-energy

Industries, Auto industry

Waste Management Equipment

Equipment for handling, storing or transporting solid, liquid or haz waste. Includes recycling/remediation equipment.

Municipalities

Generating industries

Solid waste companies

Process & Prevention Technology

Technology for in-process pollution prevention and waste recovery

All industries

Environmental Resources

Water Utilities

Selling water to end users

Consumers, Municipalities & All industries

Resource Recovery

Selling materials recovered and converted from industrial by-products or post-consumer waste

Municipalities

Generating industries

Solid waste companies

Clean Energy Power & Systems

Selling power and systems in solar, wind, geothermal, small scale hydro, energy efficiency and DSM

Utilities

All industries and consumers

Environmental Consumer Goods (Environmentally Preferable Products or EPPs)

Sustainable Agriculture Products

Agricultural products or finished food products derived from certified organic materials and processes.

Consumers, Food manufacturing companies, Food service companies

Sustainable Forestry Products

Timber or finished forest products derived from certified sustainable forestry programs.

Consumers

Manufacturers

Eco-Tourism

Tourism revenues derived from certified eco-tourism locations that minimize ‘environmental footprint’ in transportation and lodging facilities

Consumers

 

 
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