Environmental Industry
Trade liberalization and the environment in Vietnam Email
Written by Grant Ferrier  22 July 2009  

Vietnam's integration with the international economy has increased significantly over the past decade, aided by substantial liberalization of trade, and appears set to increase further as trade-expanding measures take full effect. This dramatic shift in Vietnam's trading patterns has important implications for the environment and use of natural resources. This paper offers a systematic analysis of the trading and investment patterns to give a broader understanding of the environmental implications of greater openness of the economy during the past decade. The results suggest increasing manufacturing and export activity in water and toxic pollution-intensive sectors compared with the less pollution-intensive sectors. The story is, on the surface, consistent with the changing composition of Vietnamese production and exports away from traditional sectors and toward pollution-intensive manufacturing (especially leather and textiles). The paper also highlights the need to consider strengthening environmental policies while further trade liberalization is being contemplated through Vietnam's joining of the World Trade Organization.

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Trade that Benefits the Environment and Development: Opening Markets for EGS Email
Written by Grant Ferrier  21 July 2009  

What could be less controversial than liberalising trade in environmental goods and services? Or, to put it another way, why should any country want to maintain barriers that inhibit such trade?

This collection of studies is intended as a practical tool to help negotiators navigate the numerous, complex issues that have arisen in international discussions over liberalising trade in environmental goods and services. In addition to explaining the background to the two earlier lists of environmental goods, the different chapters:

Explore various practical issues related to the classification of environmental goods, including "dual use" goods;
Provide concrete examples of synergies between trade in environmental services and environmental goods;
Synthesise the findings of various country studies on environmental goods and services undertaken by the OECD and other inter-governmental organisations.

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Environmental Goods and Services A Synthesis of Country Studies Email
Written by Grant Ferrier  21 July 2009  

This study presents a synthesis of 17 country studies on environmental goods and services (EG&S)
commissioned by the OECD, UNCTAD and the UNDP. The countries examined are Brazil, Chile, China,
Cuba, the Czech Republic, the Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Kenya, Korea, Mexico,
Nicaragua, Pakistan, Panama, Thailand and Vietnam. Its aim is to identify determinants of demand for
EG&S; to show common themes and experiences in the EG&S markets of different countries; and to draw
attention to key trade, environment and development policy linkages.

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Department of Environment and Conservation in Papua New Guinea Email
Written by Grant Ferrier  21 July 2009  

Background on Department of Environment and Conservation in Papua New Guinea

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Environmental Goods and Services: Challenges and Opportunities for Central American and Caribbean Email
Written by Grant Ferrier  21 July 2009  

Sub-Regional Brainstorming Workshop on the Trade and Environment Issues Contained in Paragraphs 31 and 32 of the WTO Doha Ministerial Declaration: Interim Report. UNCTAD/FIELD Project. 2003

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